Kotlin 编译器选项

Each release of Kotlin includes compilers for the supported targets: JVM, JavaScript, and native binaries for supported platforms.

These compilers are used by:

  • The IDE, when you click the Compile or Run button for your Kotlin project.
  • Gradle, when you call gradle build in a console or in the IDE.
  • Maven, when you call mvn compile or mvn test-compile in a console or in the IDE.

You can also run Kotlin compilers manually from the command line as described in the Working with command-line compiler tutorial.

编译器选项

Kotlin compilers have a number of options for tailoring the compiling process. Compiler options for different targets are listed on this page together with a description of each one.

There are several ways to set the compiler options and their values (compiler arguments):

  • In IntelliJ IDEA, write in the compiler arguments in the Additional command line parameters text box in Settings/Preferences | Build, Execution, Deployment | Compiler | Kotlin Compiler.
  • If you're using Gradle, specify the compiler arguments in the compilerOptions property of the Kotlin compilation task. For details, see Gradle compiler options.
  • If you're using Maven, specify the compiler arguments in the <configuration> element of the Maven plugin node. For details, see Maven.
  • If you run a command-line compiler, add the compiler arguments directly to the utility call or write them into an argfile.

For example:

$ kotlinc hello.kt -include-runtime -d hello.jar

On Windows, when you pass compiler arguments that contain delimiter characters (whitespace, =, ;, ,), surround these arguments with double quotes (").

$ kotlinc.bat hello.kt -include-runtime -d "My Folder\hello.jar"

Common options

The following options are common for all Kotlin compilers.

-version

Display the compiler version.

-nowarn

Suppress the compiler from displaying warnings during compilation.

-Werror

Turn any warnings into a compilation error.

-verbose

Enable verbose logging output which includes details of the compilation process.

-script

Evaluate a Kotlin script file. When called with this option, the compiler executes the first Kotlin script (*.kts) file among the given arguments.

-help (-h)

Display usage information and exit. Only standard options are shown. To show advanced options, use -X.

-X

Display information about the advanced options and exit. These options are currently unstable: their names and behavior may be changed without notice.

-kotlin-home path

Specify a custom path to the Kotlin compiler used for the discovery of runtime libraries.

-P plugin:pluginId:optionName=value

Pass an option to a Kotlin compiler plugin. Available plugins and their options are listed in the Tools > Compiler plugins section of the documentation.

-language-version version

Provide source compatibility with the specified version of Kotlin.

-api-version version

Allow using declarations only from the specified version of Kotlin bundled libraries.

-progressive

Enable the progressive mode for the compiler.

In the progressive mode, deprecations and bug fixes for unstable code take effect immediately, instead of going through a graceful migration cycle. Code written in the progressive mode is backwards compatible; however, code written in a non-progressive mode may cause compilation errors in the progressive mode.

@argfile

Read the compiler options from the given file. Such a file can contain compiler options with values and paths to the source files. Options and paths should be separated by whitespaces. For example:

-include-runtime -d hello.jar
hello.kt

To pass values that contain whitespaces, surround them with single (') or double (") quotes. If a value contains quotation marks in it, escape them with a backslash (\).

-include-runtime -d 'My folder'

You can also pass multiple argument files, for example, to separate compiler options from source files.

$ kotlinc @compiler.options @classes

If the files reside in locations different from the current directory, use relative paths.

$ kotlinc @options/compiler.options hello.kt

-opt-in annotation

Enable usages of API that requires opt-in with a requirement annotation with the given fully qualified name.

Kotlin/JVM compiler options

The Kotlin compiler for JVM compiles Kotlin source files into Java class files. The command-line tools for Kotlin to JVM compilation are kotlinc and kotlinc-jvm. You can also use them for executing Kotlin script files.

In addition to the common options, Kotlin/JVM compiler has the options listed below.

-classpath path (-cp path)

Search for class files in the specified paths. Separate elements of the classpath with system path separators (; on Windows, : on macOS/Linux). The classpath can contain file and directory paths, ZIP, or JAR files.

-d path

Place the generated class files into the specified location. The location can be a directory, a ZIP, or a JAR file.

-include-runtime

Include the Kotlin runtime into the resulting JAR file. Makes the resulting archive runnable on any Java-enabled environment.

-jdk-home path

Use a custom JDK home directory to include into the classpath if it differs from the default JAVA_HOME.

-Xjdk-release=version

Specify the target version of the generated JVM bytecode. Limit the API of the JDK in the classpath to the specified Java version. Automatically sets -jvm-target version. Possible values are 1.8, 9, 10, ..., 19. The default value is 1.8.

This option is not guaranteed to be effective for each JDK distribution.

-jvm-target version

Specify the target version of the generated JVM bytecode. Possible values are 1.8, 9, 10, ..., 19. The default value is 1.8.

-java-parameters

Generate metadata for Java 1.8 reflection on method parameters.

-module-name name (JVM)

Set a custom name for the generated .kotlin_module file.

-no-jdk

Don't automatically include the Java runtime into the classpath.

-no-reflect

Don't automatically include the Kotlin reflection (kotlin-reflect.jar) into the classpath.

-no-stdlib (JVM)

Don't automatically include the Kotlin/JVM stdlib (kotlin-stdlib.jar) and Kotlin reflection (kotlin-reflect.jar) into the classpath.

-script-templates classnames[,]

Script definition template classes. Use fully qualified class names and separate them with commas (,).

Kotlin/JS compiler options

The Kotlin compiler for JS compiles Kotlin source files into JavaScript code. The command-line tool for Kotlin to JS compilation is kotlinc-js.

In addition to the common options, Kotlin/JS compiler has the options listed below.

-libraries path

Paths to Kotlin libraries with .meta.js and .kjsm files, separated by the system path separator.

-main {call|noCall}

Define whether the main function should be called upon execution.

-meta-info

Generate .meta.js and .kjsm files with metadata. Use this option when creating a JS library.

-module-kind {umd|commonjs|amd|plain}

The kind of JS module generated by the compiler:

To learn more about the different kinds of JS module and the distinctions between them, see this article.

-no-stdlib (JS)

Don't automatically include the default Kotlin/JS stdlib into the compilation dependencies.

-output filepath

Set the destination file for the compilation result. The value must be a path to a .js file including its name.

-output-postfix filepath

Add the content of the specified file to the end of the output file.

-output-prefix filepath

Add the content of the specified file to the beginning of the output file.

-source-map

Generate the source map.

-source-map-base-dirs path

Use the specified paths as base directories. Base directories are used for calculating relative paths in the source map.

-source-map-embed-sources {always|never|inlining}

Embed source files into the source map.

-source-map-prefix

Add the specified prefix to paths in the source map.

Kotlin/Native compiler options

Kotlin/Native compiler compiles Kotlin source files into native binaries for the supported platforms. The command-line tool for Kotlin/Native compilation is kotlinc-native.

In addition to the common options, Kotlin/Native compiler has the options listed below.

-enable-assertions (-ea)

Enable runtime assertions in the generated code.

-g

Enable emitting debug information.

-generate-test-runner (-tr)

Produce an application for running unit tests from the project.

-generate-worker-test-runner (-trw)

Produce an application for running unit tests in a worker thread.

-generate-no-exit-test-runner (-trn)

Produce an application for running unit tests without an explicit process exit.

-include-binary path (-ib path)

Pack external binary within the generated klib file.

-library path (-l path)

Link with the library. To learn about using libraries in Kotlin/native projects, see Kotlin/Native libraries.

-library-version version (-lv version)

Set the library version.

-list-targets

List the available hardware targets.

-manifest path

Provide a manifest addend file.

-module-name name (Native)

Specify a name for the compilation module. This option can also be used to specify a name prefix for the declarations exported to Objective-C: How do I specify a custom Objective-C prefix/name for my Kotlin framework?

-native-library path (-nl path)

Include the native bitcode library.

-no-default-libs

Disable linking user code with the default platform libraries distributed with the compiler.

-nomain

Assume the main entry point to be provided by external libraries.

-nopack

Don't pack the library into a klib file.

-linker-option

Pass an argument to the linker during binary building. This can be used for linking against some native library.

-linker-options args

Pass multiple arguments to the linker during binary building. Separate arguments with whitespaces.

-nostdlib

Don't link with stdlib.

-opt

Enable compilation optimizations.

-output name (-o name)

Set the name for the output file.

-entry name (-e name)

Specify the qualified entry point name.

-produce output (-p output)

Specify output file kind:

  • program
  • static
  • dynamic
  • framework
  • library
  • bitcode

-repo path (-r path)

Library search path. For more information, see Library search sequence.

-target target

Set hardware target. To see the list of available targets, use the -list-targets option.